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    Your Gigantic Face Printed On Your Luggage Might Be Outrageous But It’s Actually Genius

    For frequent flyers, suitcases are nothing but essential. And when on important trips, nothing’s more inconvenient than taking forever to spot your luggage in a sea of similar-looking travel bags. Sure, luggage tags or bright-colored ribbons are helpful but not that much. If you really want to make your suitcase stand out, maybe it’s time you try a new and unique travel case.

    Firebox, a London-based online retailer that specializes in unique items, is selling Head Case – a stretchable and customizable travel case that can fit luggage of different sizes. What makes it unique? Well, Head Case literally puts a giant picture of your head onto your suitcase, making it easier to find and deterring anyone who might want to steal it.

    Buyers can customize their travel case with a headshot of their choosing.
    Source: Firebox

    They just have to go to the Firebox page, choose a size, click ‘Personalize,’ and upload a high-resolution photo of their face, a family member, a friend, a celebrity – or even of an enemy! The image will then be printed on both sides of a polyester and spandex blend material.

    The retailer claims that the ‘possibilities are endless’ with Head Case.
    Source: Firebox

    The Firebox website says:

    “Prevent ‘Baggage Reclaim’ drama and make sure your bag stands out from the crowd by slipping it snuggly inside a Head Case. After all, nothing says that’s my luggage!’ quite like a giant version of your own face, smiling back at you as it shudders round the conveyor belt.

    The idea of your face printed on a huge material for everyone at the airport to see might seem terrifying, but that’s the price you’ll have to pay (plus $26.00 to $39.00, depending on the size) for convenience and practicality.

    Is this something you’ll be interested in buying?
    Source: Firebox

    It’s worth a try if you ask us.

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    Backpacker Uses Life Savings To Fund Home For Orphans She Met In Nepal

    A woman who spent the money she saved babysitting in high school to save children half a world away is one of CNN’s Top Ten Heroes of the Year.

    Maggie Doyne decided to take a year off before college in 2006 to backpack around the world. She only got as far as Nepal when she called home and asked her parents to send all $5,000 of her life savings.

    The New Jersey teen wasn’t in trouble. She just wanted to help the kids she met who were in desperate need–the refugees and orphans from the country’s decade-long civil war.

    She used the money to start the Kopila Valley Children’s Home in Surkhet. In Nepali, “Kopila” means flower bud, and during the last 8 years the orphanage has blossomed like that, bringing new hope to 50 resident orphans.

    Through her nonprofit, Doyne’s Blink Now Foundation, the side-tracked backpacker, now 28, continues to fund the home, along with a primary school she built shortly afterward which educates nearly 350 local kids.

    (WATCH the CNN video below)  Photo: CNN video

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    10 Countries Where You Can Earn More As An Expat Than You Would At Home

    Taking home a bigger paycheck sounds nice to just about anyone.

    It sounds so nice to some people that they will move to a different country to earn more money.

    Globally, 41% of expats relocated because of their career or their partner’s career, whether by choice or out of necessity, according to the Expat Insider 2017 report from expatriate network and global guide InterNations.

    To compile the data, InterNations surveyed 12,519 expats, representing 166 nationalities and living in 188 countries around the world.

    In the survey, expats were asked to compare their current income to the income they would earn at home for the same or a similar job.

    The top 10 countries where at least 60% of expats said they earn more than at home are concentrated in the Middle East and Northern Europe. But it’s all relative — the report found expats’ satisfaction with their personal finances varied greatly depending on cost of living and the state of the country’s economy, even if workers were earning a higher dollar amount than in their home country.

    For instance, 76% of expats in Luxembourg report earning a higher income — a greater share than any other country surveyed — but 23% said their disposable household income is still not enough to cover everything they need in daily life.

    Below, learn more about the 10 countries where expats are earning more money than they would at home, and how it affects their personal finances.

    10. Singapore

    10. Singapore
    Prasit Rodphan/Shutterstock

    • 62% of expats in Singapore think they make more than they would in a similar position back home — one-third believe their income is a lot higher.

    • 43% have a gross annual household income of more than $100,000. On average, 21% of global expats have household earnings above six-figures.

    • Still, cost of living is particularly high in Singapore, securing it a spot in the bottom 10 on the cost of living index.

    9. Norway

    9. Norway

    • 72% of expats in Norway believe they make more than they would in a similar position back home — 33% say it’s a lot more.

    • Yet, 71% judge the cost of living less than favorably.

    • On the bright side: Norway ranks among the top 10 destinations for work-life balance worldwide.

    8. United Arab Emirates

    8. United Arab Emirates
    Karim Sahib/Reuters

    • 71% of expats believe they make more in the UAE than they would in a similar position back home — about half think that they make a lot more.

    • 16% have an annual household income of more than $150,000, compared to only one in ten expats worldwide.

    • However, 67% rate the affordability of housing in UAE negatively, and 27% say their disposable household income is not enough to cover everything they need for daily life.

    7. Nigeria

    7. Nigeria
    Shutterstock/Bill Kret

    • 68% of expats in Nigeria believe they make more than they would in a similar position back home.

    • One in ten expats has an annual household income of more than $200,000 — 86% say their disposable household income is enough to cover everything they need.

    • Despite coming in at No. 12 on the personal fiance index, Nigeria ranked last on the quality of life index due to poor rankings for health and well-being, safety and security, and transportation.

    6. Saudi Arabia

    6. Saudi Arabia
    Fedor Selivanov/Shutterstock

    • 70% of expats in Saudi Arabia think they earn more than they would in a similar position back home — 42% think that it is a lot more.

    • 87% say their disposable household income is enough or more than enough to cover everything they need in daily life — 22% even say that they have a lot more than enough.

    • Despite good pay for workers, Saudi Arabia ranks low on the indices for family life and child education options.

    5. Bahrain

    5. Bahrain

    • 70% of expats in Bahrain believe their income is higher than what they would make at home — 41% think their income is a lot higher.

    • Bahrain tanks third in the working abroad index, thanks to excellent ratings in job & career and work/life balance subcategories.

    • 93% of expats in Bahrain work full-time, spending an average of 42.9 hours a week at work compared to the global average of 44.3 hours.

    4. Kuwait

    4. Kuwait
    Arlo Magicman/Shutterstock

    • But 70% of expats in Kuwait think their income is higher than what they would make in a similar position in their home country.

    • Still, incomes are low — 62% have a disposable household income of less than $50,000.

    • Many expats in Kuwait move from India (22%) and the Philippines (13%), countries with low incomes, which could explain why they rate their incomes in Kuwait as much higher.

    3. Qatar

    3. Qatar
    Dutourdumonde Photography/Shutterstock

    • 76% of expats in Qatar believe their income is higher than what they would make in a similar position back home — 46% say it is a lot higher.

    • One-third of expats have disposable household income of at least $100,000.

    • 67% of expats in Qatar found the cost of housing to be unaffordable — yet, 81% still feel that their household income is enough or more than enough to get by.

    2. Switzerland

    2. Switzerland
    Vogel / Shutterstock

    • 77% of expats in Switzerland believe their income is higher than what they would make in a similar position back home — 44% say it is a lot higher.

    • 57% of expats in Switzerland have an annual gross household income of at least $100,000 —14% make $200,000 or more.

    • Due to the high cost of living, 17% of expats are still unhappy with their financial situation.


    1. Luxembourg

    1. Luxembourg
    Sergey Novikov/Shutterstock

    • 76% of expats who are working in Luxembourg believe that they make more than they would in a similar position back home.

    • Still, 23% of expats in Luxembourg say their disposable household income is not enough to cover everything they need in daily life.

    • 66% of expats rate the cost of living negatively in Luxembourg.

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    Mum Says Netflix Kids’ TV Show Features A Hidden Rude Drawing… So Can YOU Spot It?

    A FURIOUS mum has warned other parents to check what their kids are watching on TV after claiming to find a rude drawing in a cartoon.

    Chey Robinson took to Facebook where she shared a clip of the Netflix show Maya the Bee, which she says features a phallic image.

     Mum Chey Robinson says she has spotted a very rude drawing in an episode of Netflix cartoon Maya The Bee
    Mum Chey Robinson says she has spotted a very rude drawing in an episode of Netflix cartoon Maya The Bee

    The scene in question comes from the 35th episode in the first series of the TV programme and shows the lead character hiding under a log trying to escape from bad guys.

    But the background appears to show a certain part of the male anatomy, which she says is inappropriate for children.

    After taking a screenshot of the clip, she wrote on Facebook: “Smh. Please be mindful of what your kids are watching!!

    “I did NOT edit any images whatsoever, this is Maya & The Bee, Season 1, Episode 35.”

    Since posting the warning last week, it has been shared more almost 13,000 times and has over 3,000 comments.

     The circle shows the rude drawing that Chey claims she saw in the background of the cartoon
    The circle shows the rude drawing that Chey claims she saw in the background of the cartoon

    And many parents were shocked by Chey’s discovery and said it was disgusting.

    One mum wrote: “Ridiculous. Regardless of whether the child will focus on that and see it, they slip things like this in there. Disgusting. Not more of this show for us.

    While another said: “People are so damn perverse and trying to corrupt innocent children. Makes me sick!!”

    However, some parents brushed off the clip, saying it was hardly noticeable.

    One said: “Are you being serious? my kids would not look that closely at a tree trunk. Plus, they wouldn’t even know what that was.”

     Chey later posted a warning on Facebook telling other parents about the hidden drawing
    Chey later posted a warning on Facebook telling other parents about the hidden drawing

    The studio behind Maya The Bee are yet to comment on the clip.

    However, it is not the first time eyebrows have been raised by kids TV.

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    Mum Has Her First Child Aged 50 After A £14k PPI Payout Meant She Could Finally Afford IVF

    A MUM has had has her first child aged 50 after a £14,000 PPI payout meant she could finally afford IVF treatment.

    While PPI calls are a nuisance for many, Alison John, 51, says a mis-sold PPI refund made her dreams come true.

     Alison and Phillip finally got the child they yearned for after paying for IVF with money from a PPI refund
    Alison and Phillip finally got the child they yearned for after paying for IVF with money from a PPI refund

    Alison and her husband Phillip, 58, had given up hope of ever having kids, after a sixteen year battle of trying to conceive proved fruitless.

    But the couple’s luck turned around when a £14,000 PPI refund paid for the couple to complete three cycles of IVF – resulting in the birth of a little girl, Megan, three weeks before Alison’s 51st birthday.

    In 2000, Alison, then 34, came off the contraceptive pill after she and Phillip decided the timing was right to start a family.

    But a decade passed and she hadn’t fallen pregnant.

    Doctors couldn’t find anything medically wrong with the couple and the couple couldn’t afford IVF  – leading Alison and Phillip feeling as if they would need to come to terms with being childless.

    Alison said: “Our relationship has always been strong. We have been married for 26 years now. But not being able to have a child was hard.

     Alison and Phillip are now parents to baby Megan and hope to have another baby in the future
    Alison and Phillip are now parents to baby Megan and hope to have another baby in the future

    “We considered IVF until we discovered the cost of it and then we knew it was impossible.

    “I’d completely given up until a chance meeting at our bank with a financial advisor.

    “They looked at our accounts and asked if we had ever considered looking into the PPI scandal.

    “I’d heard of it but didn’t think to check if we were eligible for a payout.

    “I’d had loans over the years and credit cards.

    “The bank gave me a number to call and a few months later we were told that the bank would pay us £14,000.

    “I was blown away.”

    With £14,000 in the bank Alison and husband Phillip decided that the one thing they wanted most in the world was a child of their own.

    Alison added: “We thought about going on holiday but once it’s all over all you have are memories and photographs.

    “We already owned our own house and both worked full time.

    “After a bit of soul-searching we deciding trying IVF was the right thing to do.

    “Phillip was apprehensive about his age. He needed a bit more reassurance than me.

    “He said ‘I’ll be the oldest dad at the playground.’

    “But I still feel the same as I did at 34. To me age is just a number and I wasn’t going to let it hold me back from becoming a mother at any age.

    “I felt so excited that we could finally have the chance to be parents.”

    However, Alison admits that medical professionals were quick to advise her on the risks involved with having a baby at 50.

     Alison gave birth to Megan three weeks before her 51st birthday
    Alison gave birth to Megan three weeks before her 51st birthday

    Alison said: “I was asked over and over if I was sure I wanted to put myself through it.

    “Doctors warned me about the heightened risk of having a baby with Down’s Syndrome or suffering a still birth.

    “But every pregnancy has a risk factor. I never changed my mind for a moment.”

    After receiving hormone therapy Alison had five eggs removed from her ovaries which were later fertilised with Phillip’s sperm in a laboratory.

    Alison said: “It was a gamble with our money, we knew there were no guarantees, but Phillip and I agreed it was money we would never have had and so it was worth the risk.

    “The first two cycles of IVF didn’t work, but after the third cycle I fell pregnant.

    “I told my mum who was ecstatic. She was going to be a grandmother for the first time aged 77.

    “She told all her friends and our family.

    “I couldn’t blame her but sadly I later miscarried the baby.

    “It was devastating having to go back to everyone we had told and say that we had actually lost the baby.”

    Heartbroken Alison and Phillip decided to try again but this time kept their IVF a secret and only told family on a need to know basis.

    Alison said: “Our fourth attempt resulted in my pregnancy with Megan.

    “All of the doctors and midwives I met with were fixated on my age but I’ve still got my health, I’m active, I’m busy, I volunteer.”

    After a caesarean section Megan was born weighing 5lb 8oz.

    Alison said: “I hadn’t expected the C-section. I thought I’d be giving birth naturally in a pool but it wasn’t to be.

    “The baby was breech and doctors decided I’d need surgery immediately.

    “My age was a huge factor in how they treated me. I was monitored so closely.”

     Alison hopes to complete her family with a brother or sister for Megan
    Alison hopes to complete her family with a brother or sister for Megan

    Alison admits there are moments when her age does cause confusion when she is out with Megan.

    She said: “Sometimes I correct people if they think I’m her Nan but often I just ignore it.

    “I started off breast feeding but I switched to bottle because my supply wasn’t enough.

    “I don’t know if the milk dried up because of my age but I didn’t mind giving up. I just wanted her to be happy and well fed.”

    Megan is now 13 months old and Alison and Phillip are hoping to try for a brother or sister for Megan in the near future – as they still have a cycle of IVF left to try.

    Alison said: “I’m hoping for a baby boy, a brother for Megan and one of each for Phillip and I.

    “But we don’t mind either way.

    “Megan is everything we ever dreamed of and we are so happy to finally be parents.

    “At some point we are planning to go back to the clinic to give Megan a sibling. Another baby would just be the icing on the cake.”

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    Scaffolder’s MUM Wades In After ‘Snob’ Artist Posts McDonald’s Pic Of Him With Caption ‘These Guys Look Like They Got 1 GCSE’ And Says She Should ‘Keep Her Mouth Shut’

    THE proud mum of a scaffolder taunted in a cruel social media post by a ‘snob’ art blogger has branded her a “moron”.

    Hetty Douglas sparked an angry backlash after posting a picture of Warren Butt, 40, and colleagues queuing at a McDonald’s with the caption “these guys look like they got 1 GCSE”.

     Warren's mum stuck up for her 'well-mannered' son
    Warren’s mum stuck up for her ‘well-mannered’ son
     The cruel social media post sparked an angry backlash
    The cruel social media post sparked an angry backlash
     Hetty Douglas has been branded a 'spoilt rich girl'
    Hetty Douglas has been branded a ‘spoilt rich girl’

    Warren, who has a 13-year-old son, has demanded an apology from the South London-based blogger, who works at super-hip clothing shop Supreme in London’s West End.

    Patricia, from Wallington, South London, told Sun Online that 25-year-old Douglas has no right to judge her hard-working son.

    She said: “He’s always worked all his life and he looks after his son and provides for him.

    “She wants to keep her mouth shut, she’s a moron. They are workers what does she expect.

    “So my son does not have any GCSEs. He’s got manners, he’s been brought up proper.”

    The colleagues were grabbing a bite to eat at the fast food chain near Piccadilly yesterday morning when the picture was taken.

     Marc Clarey has a B in PE, a C in Design and a C/C in Double Science, as well as an NVQ Level Three scaffolding (equal to two A-levels)
    Marc Clarey has a B in PE, a C in Design and a C/C in Double Science, as well as an NVQ Level Three scaffolding (equal to two A-levels)
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    Keeping Kribs: The Culture Of Pelvicachromis Cichlids (FULL)

    If you’re seeking a small fish that can add action and a rainbow of sparkling colors to your freshwater aquarium, the kribensis cichlid (Pelvicachromis pulcher) is definitely worth considering. This species is a great choice for the novice keeper and can even be recommended to experienced aquarists.
    Affectionately referred to simply as “krib” within the hobby, this West African cichlid is called kribensis because it was once known as P. kribensis. The modern accepted scientific name is P. pulcher, which roughly translated means “beautiful belly fish.” In Latin, pelvica is the plural of pelvis, chromis refers to a fish (possibly a perch), and pulcher means beautiful. That is certainly a fitting description for a species in which the belly of the female takes on a vibrant, cherry red flush throughout the breeding period. Since an established krib couple spawns regularly, you can expect to see a lot of this coloration in your tank.

    Photographer: Aquariumphoto.dk
    P. pulcher is quite resilient to disease, and provided with the right care it can live up to five years. As an additional bonus, kribs readily breed without any special coaxing. They also engage in highly entertaining fry-rearing behavior, wherein they herd their offspring around the tank for several weeks.
    The male can reach a length of 4 inches (10 cm), while the female usually stays around 3 inches (8 cm). Both sexes have a dark longitudinal stripe running from the mouth to the caudal fin, with yellow and black striping by the face. There is a lot of orange-red, yellow, and sometimes blue, coloration along the dorsal and caudal fins. In some specimens, the dorsal and caudal fins sport gold-ringed ocelli (eyespots). Their pectoral and anal fins are bluish to purple, and you can sometimes notice a green sheen on the gill plate. The abdomen is a reddish pink, a color that intensifies during the breeding period, especially in the female.


    P. pulcher inhabits the drainage area of the Ethiope River in the Niger Delta in West Africa. One of the reasons why it is so sturdy and easy to care for in captivity may be due to the fact that within its natural range, it may encounter several different water conditions. A species forced to handle different environments and arbitrary alterations (brought on by varying water flow from streams) must be able to cope with diverse habitats.
    Close to the sea, the Niger Delta’s water is hard, alkaline, and slightly brackish. On the other hand, the streams that feed the delta are much less hard and alkaline, and they do not get any saltwater. The lowest-lying streams are actually soft and acidic blackwater habitats.
    P. pulcher inhabits both slow- and fast-moving waters but is only present where it can find dense underwater vegetation. The water in its natural environment usually stays around 75° to 79°F (24° to 26°C), and most localities have soft water and a pH value of 5.6 to 6.9. Tank-raised specimens are normally more tolerant to alkaline conditions (in some instances, up to a pH of 8.5!) than wild-caught ones.


    Kribensis cichlids are hardy and do not grow very large, two factors that make them possible to keep, even in small aquariums. A 10-gallon (38-liter) aquarium is large enough for a single pair, but if you wish to combine them with other fish, you’ll need more space. Despite being fairly peaceful creatures, both sexes will grow territorial and aggressive while protecting their spawn. Therefore, it is important that the aquarium includes natural borders and at least one cave to provide hiding spots for other fish.
    In the wild, kribs are only found in environments containing patches of dense underwater vegetation, and will appreciate having plants in the tank. Kribs normally don’t eat them, so you can use live flora to decorate the tank if you wish. However, it’s a good idea to protect the plant base with heavy stones, or choose species that tolerate being uprooted since they sometimes dig. Due to this digging habit, sand or fine gravel without any sharp edges is recommended as bottom substrate in order to prevent injury.
    Kribs are often kept in community aquariums with other fairly passive fish, such as other dwarf cichlids, tetras, and small barbs. They should not be housed with slow-moving species with long and flowing fins because they can turn into fin nippers in such company.
    It is never a good idea to house these fish in an aquarium without a cave. They love hiding spots, and providing at least one will make them much happier, while also decreasing the risk that they’ll become overly aggressive during the breeding period. By cleverly using numerous caves and natural borders, it is even possible to house several couples in the same tank. Flowerpots, coconut shells, or PVC pipes will be just as appreciated—but make sure there is an opening just large enough for the fish to use as their entrance.
    Use plants, rocks, and other decorations to make it possible for the couple to claim a small territory around their cave. Otherwise, they may end up trying to defend the entire tank from perceived “intruders.” If they still act violently toward other fish outside of their territory, the aquarium may be too densely stocked. Bottom and cave dwellers are especially shunned because they will compete for space.
    Kribs are omnivores and therefore very easy to feed. They will readily accept most types of food. Keeping them on a varied diet will boost their immune system and provide a more comfortable life for them in captivity.


    Sexing P. pulcher is not hard because adult females display brighter belly colors than the males. During breeding periods, a female’s belly develops the characteristic cherry red coloration. She is also smaller than the male, but at first glance can appear to be the larger of the two. This is because she is much more plump than the male. Measured from head to tail, the male is longer, but his body is more streamlined. Another way of sexing them is to look at the dorsal fin: if it ends in a point, you are looking at a male.
    It is common for kribs to start courting within a week of being introduced to the tank, and any coaxing from the aquarist is usually superfluous. If your couple seems reluctant to breed, increase the water temperature to 80°F (27°C) and provide several suitable caves for them to explore. Feeding them plenty of live, meaty food can also induce spawning behavior. Despite being tolerant of a wide range of water parameters, they are more inclined to spawn in soft and acidic water.
    Kribensis cichlids are devoted parents that form monogamous pairs and raise their offspring together. During spawning, the female deposits 50 to 300 eggs, usually in the roof of a cave. The male fertilizes them and both parents guard the eggs, taking shifts to allow each other to feed. The male also spends a lot of his time guarding the surrounding area from intruders.
    When the eggs hatch after roughly three days, the tiny offspring will be moved to a pit or some other safe spot deemed suitable by the adults. At this stage, they are small enough to be moved inside their parents’ mouths. Their first food is usually tiny organic matter, but they are soon large enough to eat powdered flakes and newly hatched brine shrimp.
    After five to ten days, the fry are usually large enough to be brought out of the cave to attend feeding excursions. However, they will still spend each night inside the cave where they were born, or any other cave deemed safe enough.
    The female also starts taking the offspring out on small trips around the tank, hastily scurrying them back into their hiding spot as soon as she perceives any possible danger in the environment. Before letting the fry out, the female always scouts the territory to make sure it’s safe.
    Raising P. pulcher fry is usually not a problem because the parents do most of the work. As the fry grow larger, simply serve them ground flakes and larger and larger brine shrimp until they eat the same food as the adults. Ideally, the fry should stay with their parents until they are at least ½-inch (1.5-cm) long. Removing them too soon can make the male harass the female to death, as he’ll want to spawn again and she won’t be physically ready at this point.
    If the parents eat their own offspring or fail to protect them from predators, don’t give up. They will soon spawn again, and most couples get the hang of it after a few trial runs. An established couple can be expected to spawn over and over again as long as both individuals are healthy.
    Because they are dedicated parents, kribs become aggressive while protecting their young. This aggression is usually not a problem if the aquarium is large enough, but they will protect egg and fry—violently, if necessary. Giving a couple their own breeding aquarium is therefore the best solution in some situations.


    The genus Pelvicachromis contains a number of other species in addition to the famous P. pulcher. Sometimes you will find them under their correct names in fish stores and on price lists, but encountering them under erroneous labels is (unfortunately) also quite possible. Some sellers will just label them as “wild kribs” or make up a name for them based on appearance. With a little research and armed with some useful information, you will be able to spot—and care for—some of the most commonly occurring species and variants. However, if you don’t know which species or variant you have, soft, acidic water and a temperature in the 75° to 79°F (24° to 26°C) range is usually the safest bet.
    Described in 2004, P. rubrolabiatus is a fairly new addition to the genus Pelvicachromis. The name is derived from the Latin words rubrum (red) and labia (lip), and alludes to the red lips sported by male members of this species. It has been available for many years under the label P. sp. “Bandi II.”
    This species will grow bigger than other members of its genus and will display seven dark vertical bars on the body. Male P. rubrolabiatus also distinguish themselves from males of other species in the same genus by not having any coloration or patterning on the fins.
    P. rubrolabiatus is native to the Kolenté River basin in Guinea, where it inhabits soft, acidic waterways that flow through forested areas. Keep the water soft and the pH value below 6.0 in the aquarium. Being an omnivore, it needs both green and meaty foods in its diet to stay happy and healthy in captivity. Be forewarned that this is a fairly hostile species.
    The yellow-cheeked kribensis (P. subocellatus) was described in 1872. There have been a lot of mix-ups and mislabeled fish in the aquarium trade, so older accounts regarding this species are not always reliable. The specific name subocellatus is derived from two Latin words: sub, which signifies “under,” and ocellatus, which means “spot.”
    Compared to most other members of its genus, P. subocellatus has a very high body. The female is more colorful than the male and is adorned with the yellow cheeks from which this species’ common name derives. She also sports a striking, reflective white pattern on her dorsal fins, and the color of her belly intensifies to pinkish red, bordered by two broad stripes of blackberry blue during the spawning period. The yellow coloration is also found on the end of her tail and on the upper half of the caudal fin, along with numerous black spots. These spots are also present on the back half of the dorsal fin.
    The male also has some yellow on his cheeks, but the shade is more pastel than bright. The unpaired fins are also a bit yellow, but without any spotting. His dorsal fin sports a lavender band just below the red edge. During breeding periods, his belly will turn pinkish red, and the same can happen when he gets territorial.
    P. subocellatus is hardier and less aggressive than the common krib and will grow to roughly the same size. It is actually quite strange that P. pulcher is so much more widespread in the hobby than this charming little fellow. Maybe it has to do with the fact that the fry of this species can be a bit tricky to keep alive.
    The range of P. subocellatus spans from Gabon to Congo in Western Africa, where it can be found in a wide variety of habitats, including brackish water. The northernmost part of its range borders that of P. taeniatus, while its other geographical limit is the mouth of the Congo River. In captivity, it can be housed in both soft and hard water, and will tolerate a pH value from 6.0 to 8.0. This doesn’t mean that you should allow the parameters to swing back and forth; always give your fish a chance to unhurriedly grow accustomed to new conditions through slow, gradual changes. The recommended water temperature for this species is 72° to 79°F (22° to 26°C).
    Due to its comparatively calm temperament, P. subocellatus is kept in both community and species tanks. A densely planted aquarium with plenty of caves and other hiding spots is recommended. This species is not fond of sharp light, so use floating plants to keep its home shaded. If your fish remain shy despite this, try adding some dither fish to the setup.
    An active and beautiful species, P. taeniatus is comparatively easy to keep and breed. It is peaceful enough to introduce into a community aquarium with other nonviolent species, as long as the tank is properly decorated with caves, hiding spots, and natural territorial borders.
    P. taeniatus is one of the most colorful members of its genus and has the smallest adult male size. The body is slim, and the males actually rival females in terms of color. This species comes in a vast array of different color morphs, and we will hopefully have an even broader spectrum to choose from in the future, as its native West African home is thoroughly researched by scientists and fish exporters.
    This species is found in coastal Nigeria, Cameroon, and Equatorial Guinea, where it inhabits still and slow-moving streams and rivers that run through forested regions. Soft and acidic water is recommended. Keep the water temperature in the 72° to 79°F (22° to 26°C) range with a pH of 6.0.
    Vigorous water movement and harsh aquarium lighting are not appreciated by these fish. Include floating plants in the setup to dim the light, which will make them feel safer. As with all kribs, caves are virtually mandatory if you want them to stay happy and healthy. P. taeniatus fares best on a varied omnivore diet, with plenty of veggies and occasional servings of live or frozen meaty foods.
    The taxonomic status of the rainbow krib (P. sacrimontis) is currently under debate. It was first described in 1977, but this description lacked a type specimen. Some authorities recognize it as a separate species, while others instead classify it as P. pulcher. It lives just east of the Niger River delta in Nigeria.
    A juvenile rainbow krib is virtually indistinguishable from a juvenile P. pulcher, but it will eventually develop one of its first distinctive features: a shimmering turquoise blue patch on the cheeks and gill covers. Rainbow kribs maintain this color even when stressed, something to keep in mind when trying to recognize them in the fish store.
    An adult female has uniformly dark dorsal fins without the golden border seen in P. pulcher females. During breeding periods her belly is scarlet red. While in spawning condition, two fairly dark longitudinal bands will run along her sides. These bands begin to fade as she starts caring for her offspring.
    The male is just as ostentatious as the female, with one color morph showing a yellow belly and the other variant showing a red one. In the red-bellied color morph, the red proceeds from the belly to the lower half of the face.


    Most aquarists are familiar with the common krib, partly because it’s so easy to breed in captivity, which makes it possible for pet shops to keep the price down. If you’re willing to spend a bit more, there is a long list of other interesting species in the genus Pelvicachromis to choose from, all more or less similar to P. pulcher but with their own distinct appearance, temperament, and habits. They are sometimes imported under their true names and sometimes mistakenly shipped together with wild-caught P. pulcher. For the aquarist who knows what to look for, it is quite frequently possible to find hidden treasures in display tanks labeled Pelvicachromis pulcher, or simply “wild krib.”
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    11 Things You Didn’t Know About Pigs

    A new study reveals pigs have complex personalities and are similar to dogs and chimpanzees in more ways than one.

    Many of us already knew that pigs have a high IQ, but a new study published in the International Journal of Comparative Psychologysuggests they have more in common with companion animals than previously known. Based on recent findings, we now know that pigs are able to fetch objects, understand human direction, and recognize their friends. But here are eight more things we bet you didn’t know about these adorable oinksters.

    1. A Sixth Sense
    Pigs understand when a positive or negative event is about to occur, which increases their heart rates.

    2. Recognition of Friends
    The same way dogs can recognize other dogs from their barks, pigs identify other pigs through their odor. Sows can also distinguish the squeals of their own piglets.

    3. Sensitive Snouts
    Pig snouts contain the highest amount of tactile receptors. This means that not only do they use their snouts to forage for food, but also in social settings to sniff out identities, sexual and emotional states of others, and navigate aggressive encounters.

    4. Robust Memory
    If a pig is shown an object for two days, he or she will remember that object for five days. For important items such as food, pigs will use all of their senses to remember its location, color, smell, and size.

    5. Unique Personalities
    Pigs possess individual differences and preferences that are consistent over time. These one-of-a-kind personality traits include levels of aggression, sociability, and curiosity.

    6. Play Fetch
    Pigs not only understand commands such as “sit” and “jump,” they also comprehend the concept of playing fetch, and can perform the actions associated with objects such as running after and retrieving balls.

    7. Ultra-Hearing
    Pigs’ hearing range spans 42–40,500 Hz, which classifies them as “sensitive” in the ultrasound range—a frequency that is greater than the upper limit in humans’ range.

    8. Human Understanding
    Pigs understand the emotions attached to a person’s head position, and how these positions relate to attention. They can also understand the meaning behind a finger point.

    9. Have Fun
    The desire to play is connected with creativity, which helps shape their foundations for social and object-based abilities. Pigs play in a similar way to dogs and other mammals by engaging in both object play (such as pushing balls and carrying sticks) and social play (like chasing other pigs).

    10. Self-Awareness
    Pigs watch themselves in the mirror and recognize a sense of self, both mentally and physically. One mirror self-recognition test found seven out of eight pigs were able to find hidden food through spatial localization while the eighth went behind the mirror.

    11. Play Video Games
    … well, not quite. But a 1999 study found that pigs have enough self-awareness to recognize the connection between their use of a modified joystick and on-screen movements.

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    Stop ‘Saving’ Records To Your Ancestry Tree Until You Read This

    It’s no secret that we love free genealogy sites at Family History Daily. But, we have to admit, we also like Ancestry.com. Next to FamilySearch.org, you’re not going to find a larger, more diverse genealogy website — and many of us are willing to pay their subscription fees for that reason alone.

    But we also like Ancestry for the convenient free family tree they offer. It’s easy to get started with, maintain and share (or keep private). Plus, they’ve made it extremely convenient to add records from Ancestry’s databases. A couple of clicks and you can easily attach any number of sources, or names, to your tree (although we could tell you why that’s generally a bad idea).

    But it’s this very convenience that poses a serious problem for many family historians.

    Most people who keep their trees on Ancestry.com probably regularly attach records to individuals using the ‘Save This Record’ function as seen in the screen capture below. Please note that the following images show the classic Ancestry view. The newly updated site looks quite a bit different but the important save buttons are in approximately the same position.

    This can also be done when viewing a record image, and is done automatically in the ‘hints’ section when reviewing and adding data to your tree.

    At first, this seems like a quick and easy way to attach relevant records to people in your tree – and it is. The problem lies in the fact that when you ‘save’ a record this way, you are not really saving it at all. Instead, Ancestry is simply linking that record to the correct fact.

    This causes two vital problems:

    1. If you decide you want to download your tree as a gedcom and import the data into another family tree program (other than Family Tree Maker) you will not have any copies of these files.

    2. If you stop subscribing to records on Ancestry, or access records during the a trial subscription and then don’t subscribe, you will no longer have access to these records if they were in a paid database — which most are. This is true even if you currently have a paid subscription that doesn’t cover the record you want to view (such as having a US only subscription when trying to view a record from England). You can read Ancestry’s statement about what happens when you cancel a subscription here.

    If you have been using Ancestry for awhile you may already be aware of this and have taken actions to secure these documents. But it can be surprisingly easy to overlook this fact and be left wondering why you no longer have access to a record you saved to your tree.

    We respect that Ancestry has to support their site by limiting access to records, but we wish this fact was clearer to subscribers.

    The first thing to know is that you can download records to your own computer for safe keeping.

    Here’s how to download the records so you’ll have access to them later. 

    1. When viewing the record’s landing page, as seen in the first screen capture above, click on the image to view it.

    2. Now look for the green ‘Save’ button and click on that. There are several options, one of them says ‘Save to Your Computer’ – this is what you want.

    3. After you select this option Ancestry will likely just download the file to your default download location (usually your ‘downloads’ folder or your desktop). You will now need to find the file and rename it something you will recognize later, since the file name is usually a string of numbers. Once you do that you should move it to a folder on your computer for these files specifically.

    Of course, you can also print files.

    You should save every single record you attach to your tree on Ancestry and any record you want to view later that you have not attached. Adding records to your ‘Shoebox’ for later review is easy but, again, you will have no access to these files later if you end your subscription.

    We recommend that you create a section on your computer for your downloaded records, and then create folders for each surname or line for easy reference later. You can also upload these files manually one by one back in to your tree so that you can view them later in context, since manually uploaded media files continue to be accessible after a subscription ends.

    Taking these steps is no big deal for a few records, or when doing so one by one as you research, but what if you’ve already linked many records to a current tree?

    You have a couple of options in this case, but neither one is ideal:

    1. The first is to simply go through and manually download, one by one, each record as outlined above. Work on it little by little everyday in order of importance so it does not become overwhelming. Make sure to rename each file for easy organizing and place it in a safe location on your computer where you can find it later. This takes a long time for large trees but is worth it if you want permanent access to these files.

    2. If you already use Family Tree Maker, or plan to, then you can download all of your media files quickly by syncing the program to your online tree. Unfortunately, it is another expense if you don’t already have a copy, but if you cancel your subscription to Ancestry all of the media files you downloaded to Family Tree Maker will still be available. This makes the purchase price of this software reasonable if you have many records to download, plan to hold a subscription to Ancestry only for a short time, or want to try their free trial and download many records to use later.

    Feb 2016 Update: In late 2015, Ancestry announced that it would discontinue Family Tree Maker and no longer offer updates or support for it after 2016. However, on Feb 2nd Ancestry has stated that Software MacKiev, the company that has developed FTM Mac for Ancestry for 6 years, will continue to offer the program as well as updates and new versions. This is great news for FTM users. They also announced that Rootsmagic, another respected genealogy program, will be working to connect their program with Ancestry by the end of 2016. This may offer a new way to easily back up and save your records.

    March 2017 Update: TreeSync from Ancestry has now been discontinued and replaced with FamilySync in the new FTM 2017 only.

    May 23 2017 Update: FTM 2017 has still not been released to those who purchased it. MacKiev continues to test it and it should be available soon.

    We’d love to hear from anyone who has heard of a better way to download all attached records to your computer. So far, we have found no good solution beyond the two options above.

    Backup Your Ancestry Tree Data Too

    And while we’re talking about backing up, you should download your Ancestry tree gedcom regularly as well, even though you will still have access to your tree data if you end a subscription. The gedcom does not contain actual images of records you have attached, so it can’t be used to save those, but it is always good to have a backup of your other data. To download this, go to your tree, click the ‘tree pages’ dropdown, select ‘tree settings’ and the look for the green ‘export’ button on the right sidebar of the setting page.

    Backup All of Your Data Somewhere Safe

    We also highly recommend that you backup all of your genealogy data to a second computer, thumb drive, respected online storage site Amazon Cloud, or some other safe location — you don’t want to spend hundreds of hours researching only to lose all of your files. It happens more often than you think.

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    Power Perennials: Plants That Thrive No Matter What


    Practically indestructible, daylilies will flower their heads off in almost any sunny spot. They are drought and insect resistant and offer a wide range of colors and bicolors. Daylilies are also available in early-, mid-, and late-season bloomers. For an all-season flower show plant a few of each in your garden. Or, select repeat bloomers that flower from spring until fall. These easy-care perennials eventually form large clumps that should be divided every three to four years. Grows in Zones 3-9.


    Buddleia, commonly called butterfly bush, produces wave after wave of fragrant, nectar-rich flowers all summer long. A flowering shrub, Buddleia acts like a perennial in northern gardens, dying back to the ground each fall, only to return bigger and better the following spring. Buddleiais available in standard (3 to 5 feet tall) and dwarf forms (18 to 24 inches tall). Flower colors include white, red, purple, blue, yellow, pink, and lavender. They look terrific in the flower border or in containers. Just make sure to plant them in a sunny spot. Grows in Zones 5-10.


    One of the best perennials for shady spots, Epimedium, commonly called barrenwort, is a real garden workhorse. Growing only 10 to 12 inches tall, this hardy groundcover offers both colorful foliage and flowers. It’s also highly drought resistant which makes it an ideal choice for shady locations with dry soil. Depending on the variety you grow and your region, the plants may also remain evergreen through the winter. Epimedium spreads slowly, gradually carpeting your garden with color. Grows in Zones 4-8.


    Hot, dry weather won’t stop Coreopsis from flowering all summer long. This American native is one of the most reliable perennials you can grow. The plants produce large quantities of yellow, orange, pink, white, red, or bicolored blooms that dance on wiry stems every time the wind blows. They also have few insect or disease problems. Foliage varies between species and can be either threadlike or broad. To promote even more flowers, remove faded blooms as they appear. Grows in Zones 3-8.

    Russian Sage

    Add a burst of color to your late summer and fall gardenwith Russian sage, Perovskia atriplicifolia. This tough-as nails plant is native to central Asia, so it’s capable of performing in hot, dry conditions. Its eye-popping bluish-purple flowers appear in mid to late summer and retain their color for weeks. Paired with the plant’s fragrant, silvery foliage, Russian sage is a must-have for your garden. Russian sage grows 3 to 5 feet tall, dwarf forms are more compact reaching 3 feet in height. Grows in Zones 4-9.

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    7 Reasons To Take Your Kids Fishing

    Gets them back to nature Admit it. Your kids probably spend way too much time in front of electronics when they get home from school until they go to bed. Or at least you wish they spent even less time than they actually do. And just because you have your kids in sports or other activities, being involved doesn’t necessarily focus on being outside. Getting out of the house, into the fresh air, and communing with nature has a great, calming effect for you and for your kids. Teaches them where their food comes from Like gardening and livestock and hunting, fishing  helps teach kids where our food really comes from. It also opens their world to try new foods and learn about broadening their taste palate and learn about healthier ways to eat. The act of catching, preparing and cooking fish for their own meal gives them a big sense of accomplishment, too! Teaches a valuable self reliance/survival skills Whether your child is caught in an emergency situation, or wants to become more self reliant, fishing is a means of learning to provide for oneself and one’s family from the catch to the pan. There are other survival skills that need to be learned to be safe while fishing: blade safety, swimming, boat safety, navigation, weather spotting Gets them exercising This may not be the biggest impact exercising that a child can do, but the walking, the bending, the squatting, the balancing, the casting and the running around like crazy when they get bored activity is more than a lot of kids may do, especially if they tend to be couch potatoes.

    Teaches conservation, ecology, science and more

    Yes, your kids can get an education out of a morning spent at the lake! Kids can learn about fish species and their characteristics (which are good for eating and which are good for bait, how they spawn, etc.) how to fish appropriately for the time of year and fish population (throwing back when too small or pregnant), water conservation, local ecological effects on fishing from droughts to pollution, and a whole mess of natural sciences tied to the surroundings of your fishing hole!

    Teaches them patience

    One thing that we can do for our kids is slow them down and help them focus. Our world has become fast-paced, our children training to expect entertainment and stimulus constantly, and a little downtime to learn to slow down, be patient, and enjoy the little things is always a great idea. Fishing teaches us to be patient and just relax. How much time do you engage in stressful activities of rushing around getting things done as opposed to taking time to sit in calm silence with your child and just be?

    Gives you opportunities for awesome conversations

    What is your life like after school with your kids? Rushing to the next activity, home for dinner, getting homework done, baths and bedtime routines and then bedtime. When did you have time to sit and talk to your child? Really talk to them about more than what is due tomorrow or what baking treat you must make for the next day’s activity that you didn’t know about yesterday? The best real life conversations I’ve had with my kids are when we’re alone, relaxed and able to speak freely without life butting in. This is a great family activity that can be enjoyed as a sport in fishing tournaments or as part of a family camping vacation or as relaxing time away from life.

    Some Tips for Fishing with Kids

    • Make sure they are water safe – they need to know how to swim and they need life preservers if necessary.
    • Be patient – they are going to need you to bait, to untie tangles, to fetch and probably cry on their shoulder when faced with the realities of what you do once you’ve caught a fish.
    • Make sure you have a license if one is required where you are fishing. Know the laws of your particular fishing hole.
    • Keep an eye on them always.
    •  Use live bait that’s not much bigger than your hook. Earthworms, crickets, meal worms and minnows work great.
    • Use smaller bobbers, which makes it more likely your fish will actually be hooked instead of taking the bait and running. The line will be more accomodating to the pressure of the fish as opposed to working against you.
    • Be prepared to have fun, even if you aren’t successful. Fishing is one of those activities where there may be no prize if  you don’t make any catches. But make it fun for your kids and the outting is likely to be more successful!
    • Be prepared – have plenty of snacks and water, sunscreen, bug repellant, sunglasses and a few tricks up your sleeve if they begin to get restless. It will make the day go better for all of you!
    •  Don’t use the gimmicky, licensed fishing poles for kids if you can help it. You can start with a small, lightweight model that may prove easier to use. Yes, you’ll see gimmicky poles in my shots, but this was our first trip out with a gift pole. We’ve since invested in lightweight poles with better reels.
    • Keep it short the first few times out. Don’t expect your kids to enjoy a full day of fishing unless you’ve got other activities planned at the fishing site as well.
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    5 Essential RV Hose Tips

    There are probably plenty of other RV-related topics that you would rather talk about than sewer dumping. However, if you are going to take advantage of the bathroom that you have available in your RV, you are going to need to get familiar with the hose that removes your waste and safely disposes of it. Once you understand how the hose works, and how to properly maintain it, you should be able to successfully keep your sewer tank clean even on the longest of trips.

    Following are five secrets that you should know regarding the use of your RV sewer hose. If you are able to put these tips into use during your RV camping trips, you should enjoy a clean and hassle-free experience when it comes to waste disposal.

    RV Hose Tip #1 – Gravity is Your Friend

    If you want your hose to successful evacuate the contents of your tank, make sure you are using gravity to your advantage. Do you think setting up your hose to run uphill to the campground sewer is going to be an effective strategy? Probably not. Instead, use a sewer support when necessary to set the necessary downhill angle into the sewer. This is an RV accessory that should be considered required equipment for all owners. When you are forced to camp in a location that doesn’t offer you a great slope to use down to the sewer, the support can be just the thing you need to put gravity back on your side.

    RV Hose Tip #2 – Don’t Skimp on the Hose

    When you think about the job that your sewer hose is doing for you, it only makes sense to spend enough money to get a quality product. It is hard to think of a worse time to get cheap than when purchasing the hose that will be draining your waste away from the RV. Carefully browse the hoses available on the market and read reviews from those who have already purchased the models on your list. You shouldn’t need to break the bank to find a quality RV sewer hose, but you shouldn’t buy the cheapest model on the market, either.

    RV Hose Tip #3 – Proper Off-Season Storage is Essential

    Even the best hose can be damaged by poor storage practices in the off-season. When you park your RV for the winter, don’t make the mistake of leaving the hose out in a position that will allow it to be weathered by the elements. Instead, keep it in a safe and dry place, such as your garage. Obviously, it should be thoroughly cleaned prior to storage, and you should check its condition before putting it back into use next season.

    RV Hose Tip #4 – Purchase a Clear Attachment for the Hose

    Okay – you probably don’t want to watch the waste that is coming out of your tank. That is understandable. However, if you are going to be able to keep track of the condition of the tank throughout your trip, you will want to know what is draining into the campground sewer. A clear plastic attachment for your sewer hose will give you a ‘window’ into your sewer draining process. This is a great way to gain peace of mind in knowing that everything is working as expected.

    RV Hose Tip #5 – Avoid Creating a Trip Hazard

    Laying your sewer hose across the campsite is a potential trip hazard for those in your traveling party, so you want to be sure to set up camp in such a way that limits the chances of an injury. If possible, you always want to position your hose so that foot traffic will not be passing through the area. When that can’t be achieved, consider getting a set of small cones to set alongside the hose. The bright orange color of the cones should be plenty to alert anyone nearby that they need to watch their step.

    To be sure, draining the sewer tank of your RV isn’t the most glamorous part of a camping trip. It is a necessary step, however, and it all starts with proper use of your sewer hose. Take advantage of the information contained in the ‘secrets’ above and you can check one more item off of your RV to-do list.